Cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Fetus grows in the body of the uterus. Cervical cancer is the cancer of cervix. It is not a very common cancer. About 12,280 diagnoses of cervical cancer were estimated to be made by the end of 2017 in the United States.
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of about 200 related viruses. About 40 types of them can easily spread through direct sexual contact, from the skin and mucous membranes of the infected people. Three HPV vaccines are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prevent HPV infection including cervical cancer.
A cervical biopsy is a diagnostic procedure to detect and evaluate cervical cancer (cancer of the cervix). It involves removal of tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous changes, or cervical cancer. Cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus in women.
The most common type of cervical cancer begins with pre-cancerous changes. Till date, we do not know ways to stop this disease from starting or developing. The only way to prevent the disease from progressing is to find and treat pre-cancers before they become actual cervical cancers and to prevent the pre-cancers.
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) issued guidelines on screening for cervical cancer among women in 2016. Cervical cancer one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among women throughout the world. The guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for primary screening, follow-up after positive testing results, and for the treatment of cervical pre-cancers.