Heart rate (also called as pulse) is the number of times your heart beats every minute. The average resting heart rate (that is when you are sitting or lying calmly) slows down progressively through childhood toward adolescence. Read this article to know your average normal heart rate according to your age.
A heart murmur is the sound of the turbulence of the blood flow in your heart. It isn't a disease in itself but may indicate an underlying heart disease. Patients who have abnormal heart sounds or abnormal heart murmurs may show symptoms or signs of the underlying disease.
An echocardiogram (echo test) is a test that uses high frequency sound waves to create pictures of the chambers and other regions of your heart. A probe called a transducer is passed over your chest into the heart. The probe produces sound waves that goes to the heart and echo back.
An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of your heart. The heart's electrical activity can be measured by electrodes placed on the skin. The electrocardiogram can measure the rate and rhythm of the heartbeat, and provide an evidence of blood flow to the heart muscle.
Treatment for coronary heart disease involves multiple things. It is usually treated through lifestyle changes, drugs, and certain medical and surgical procedures. Angioplasty is a common procedure that is used to open the clogged arteries. Stents can be placed to keep them open after the procedure. Lifestyle changes are important in managing the disease.