Diverticulitis is a digestive disease that affects the colon (large intestine). Tiny pouches or sacs called diverticula form on the inner linings of the colon. Sometimes, these pouches become inflamed or infected due to the presence of bacteria which causes diverticulitis. The symptoms of diverticulitis are lower abdominal pain particularly sudden pain. . . .+
Diverticulosis occurs when pouches (called diverticula) form in the wall of your colon (large intestine). If these pouches get inflamed or infected, the condition is called diverticulitis. It can be very painful. It is not sure what causes diverticulitis. Researchers think that a low-fiber diet may be a major risk factor.
The most common symptom of diverticulitis is pain, which may be constant and persist for many days. Pain is felt in the lower left side of the abdomen, but may occur on the right side also. Other symptoms are nausea and vomiting, fever, and blood from rectum with stool.
It’s not clear exactly what causes diverticulitis. Scientists say that bacteria grow in the pouches (called diverticula) that develop in your colon. This leads to inflammation or infection or both. Diverticula form because of high pressure in the wall of the intestine that pushes against weak spots in the wall of large intestine.
Your doctor will examine you and collect your medical and family history. Based on your symptoms, you may have one or more tests to rule out other diseases and conditions that could be causing the symptoms. A fiber-rich diet is recommended to prevent constipation and possibly prevent the formation of diverticula.
Treatment of diverticulitis depends on how severe your signs and symptoms are. If the symptoms are mild, you may be treated at home. Your doctor is likely to recommend only antibiotics and/or liquid diet to you. But, in case of complicated diverticulitis, you may even need a surgery.