Kidney cancer (also called renal cancer) is a condition in which kidney cells become cancerous and grows out of control. Kidney cancer is first observed in the lining of tiny tubules present in the kidney. Most of the kidney cancers are generally detected before they metastasize to distant organs.
Stage IV renal cell cancer (RCC) is the cancer of kidneys that has spread to distant sites in the body, and has invaded into the local structures, or has spread to more than one lymph node. Stage IV kidney cancer is also called metastatic kidney cancer or metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
: Nephrectomy is a major surgical procedure to remove all or a portion of the kidney. The kidneys are two bean-shaped small organs in the abdomen. They help in filtering water and waste products from the blood. They also produce certain hormones in the body. Kidney removal procedure can take 3 or more hours.
After the diagnosis of your kidney cancer has been made, your doctors will try to find out the stage and the grade of the cancer. The stage of a kidney cancer defines the size of the cancer and whether it has spread to nearby organs or tissues and lymph nodes beyond the kidney.