Menstruation (Period) is defined as a vaginal bleeding which occurs every month in females. It is a part of a woman’s regular monthly cycle. It usually begins between the age of 11 and 14, which is termed as menarche and ends nearly at the age to 51, which is known as menopause.
Dysmenorrhoea is the medical term for pain associated with menstruation (periods). It is also known as menstrual cramps and is the most commonly reported menstrual disorder. More than one half of women who menstruate have some pain for 1-2 days each month.
The intensity of menstrual cramps decreases as a woman grows in age. Sometimes, they disappear completely after a woman's first term pregnancy. If there are any other medical conditions or anatomical abnormalities which are thought to contribute to the pain, treatment of the underlying abnormality or condition can bring the relief.