Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. There are various types of arthritis, osteoarthritis being the most common form. Osteoarthritis (OA or degenerative arthritis) is a skeletal complication caused by cartilage loss in a joint. It can occur anywhere in the body, but the most common sites are hips, knees, elbows, and spine.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis differ greatly on the basis of its location and severity. The most common symptoms are pain and stiffness. Some other symptoms may develop in time. The complications of osteoarthritis worse and become severe if it is not treated in time. There is a risk of developing gout and chondrocalcinosis.
Our joints have a natural shock absorber called cartilage. Cartilage is smooth, elastic, and rubber-like material that provides cushioning effect to the bones at joints. It reduces the friction between two bones, making them work smoothly. As people age, their joints become stiff and the cartilage becomes more susceptible to wear and tear.