Periodontal disease (or gum disease) is an inflammatory condition of the gum and bone that provides support to the teeth and tissues surrounding the teeth. The two most common periodontal diseases are Gingivitis and Periodontitis. The cause of the disease is poor oral hygiene. Often, untreated gum disease can lead to tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is a pathological condition that leads to teeth loss and bleeding gums in many people worldwide. It is the most common form of gum disease and can be prevented easily by taking care of your teeth and gums. Periodontal disease is further categorized as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Your mouth is full of bacteria that get mixed with saliva to form a sticky substance known as plaque. Plaque builds up on your teeth. When you consume food and drink, the bacteria in plaque convert the carbohydrates of food into the energy they need. In the process, they produce acids.
In order to diagnose whether you have gum disease and how severe it is, your dentist may examine your mouth and look for plaque builup. He will also examine for any bleeding in the gums. He might ask you for dental X-rays to check for bone loss in areas with deeper pockets.
One way to treat gum disease is to keep good oral hygiene. But sometimes, you may need dental and medical treatments as necessary. In some cases, root planing may be needed. This involves deep cleaning under your gums to get rid of the bacteria in your teeth. You may first be given local anaesthetic.