Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that influences how a person thinks, feels, and acts. Patients generally feel as if they have lost connect with the reality. It usually develops in late adolescence or early adulthood but can occur anytime in life. It is not a rare disease as some people may think so. Almost 1 in every 100 persons in the United States. . . .+
Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which a person loses touch with the reality. It is characterized with a variety of issues involving delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and inability to differentiate between reality and imaginations. Sometimes, the behavior of the person can be very strange and even shocking.
Someone who has schizophrenia may show various types of symptoms including positive and negative signs. Hallucination is the most common symptom. Other signs are delusions, confused thinking, and changes in behavior of the person. A diagnosis of schizophrenia requires that at least one of the key symptoms persist for six months or longer.
It is not known what exactly causes schizophrenia. However, it is agreed upon that it is a brain disease. There are evidences to show that a combination of genetics and your environment trigger the disease. Some people are at more risk. It is not known why some people develop it and others do not.
Currently, no physical or laboratory test is available to diagnose schizophrenia. In order to perform diagnosis, a psychiatrist generally evaluates your symptoms for the last several months (about 4-6 months) to first rule out other conditions that may show similar signs and symptoms. He or she may want you undergo through blood and imaging tests.
Medications is the first line treatment for schizophrenia. Most commonly proscribed medicines are anti-psychotics. Your doctor may prescribe anti-depressants and anti-anxiety drugs also, in certain cases. Other options are social therapies, cognitive behavior therapies, and electric therapies. The treatment and care team may include a social worker, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, and a nurse.