DEXA densitometry hip scan
DEXA densitometry hip scan

Bone density scanning, also called dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) or bone densitometry, is an enhanced form of x-ray technology that is used to measure bone loss. The image shows a DEXA hip scan in which osteopenia is noted. Osteopenia refers to bone density that is lower than normal density but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. 

Osteoporosis of the hip
Osteoporosis of the hip

Osteoporosis can cause bones, including hib bone, to become brittle. Elderly people with osteoporosis can decrease their risk for hip fracture by maintaining muscle strength and balance with exercise programs. 

Calcium-rich foods and their benefits
Calcium-rich foods and their benefits

Not getting enough calcium in your diet can lead to fragile, brittle bones that are more prone to fractures and diseases such as osteoporosis. 

3D illustration of spinal fracture due to osteoporosis
3D illustration of spinal fracture due to osteoporosis

Fractures caused by osteoporosis generally occur in the spine. These spinal fractures (vertebral compression fractures) affect about 700,000 patients each year. They are about twice as common as other fractures due to osteoporosis, such as broken hips and hand joints.

Osteoporosis stages and calcium sources
Osteoporosis stages and calcium sources

Bone is living tissue, constantly renewing itself. Although bone is strong and relatively flexible, day to day wear and tear causes tiny structural defects, similar to those that occur in the foundations of buildings over time. Calcium-rich sources can help prevent this wear and tear.

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis

Risks, signs, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis overview
Osteoporosis overview

The infographic shows an overview of osteoporosis including risk factors, signs and symptoms, complications, and prevention.

Osteoporosis stages image
Osteoporosis stages image

The image shows osteoporosis bone and healthy bone in comparison. 

Osteoporosis of the knee joint
Osteoporosis of the knee joint

The image shows an illustration of osteoporosis in knee joint. Knee is one of the most commonly affected areas. Women are more likely to have it than men. Medicines and surgical options are available as treatment of the knee pain due to osteoporosis. Your doctor may treat the pain in knee with options such as arthroscopy, osteotomy, and arthroplasty.

Healthy Bone vs Bone with Osteoporosis
Healthy Bone vs Bone with Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, which means porous bone, is a disease in which the density and quality of your bone get reduced. The bones become more porous and fragile. This increases the risk of fracture in your bone even due to a minor injury or fall. Check out this illustration comparing a bone with osteoporosis and a healthy bone of the leg.