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Proctocolectomy with brooke ileostomy
Proctocolectomy with brooke ileostomy

Proctocolectomy is the surgical removal of the rectum and all or part of the colon. In a brooke ileostomy surgery, the end of ileum is pulled through the abdominal wall and is turned back and sutured to the skin. This leaves the rounded, inside-out ileum as the stoma.

Normal colon vs colon with ulcerative colitis
Normal colon vs colon with ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative Colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-term inflammation of the cells that line the rectum and colon. The inflammation can sometimes lead to sores and ulcers.

Colonoscopy Procedure
Colonoscopy Procedure

In a colonoscopy, the examiner uses a colonoscope, which is a long, flexible, tubular instrument about 1/2 inch in diameter, to evaluate the inside of colon. The device transmits image of the lining of the colon that allows the examiner to look for any abnormalities. The colonoscope is inserted through the rectum and moved to the other end of the large intestine.

Colitis
Colitis

Colitis refers to the inflammation of inner lining of the colon. It may occur due to various reasons such as infection, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), ischemic colitis, allergic reactions, and microscopic colitis.

Inflammation of the intestine
Inflammation of the intestine

The photograph shows inflammation of the large intestine. The two most common diseases of Gi tract are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease can cause inflammation in any part of the digestive tract, though, it mostly affects the tail end of small intestine. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of the large intestine.

Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy

Your doctor may recommend a colonoscopy if you are experiencing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-type symptoms as part of the diagnosis process and also for an ongoing monitoring of the condition. Colonoscopy is a procedure that allows an examiner to evaluate the inside of the colon using a colonoscope. 

Types of ulcerative colitis
Types of ulcerative colitis

These are the most common forms of ulcerative colitis. For approximately 30% of all patients with ulcerative colitis, the illness starts as ulcerative proctitis.

Capsule endoscopy
Capsule endoscopy

Capsule endoscopy is a procedure that uses a tiny wireless camera to take pictures of your digestive tract. This helps in diagnpsis of GI problems such as esophageal cancer.