Celiac disease is a chronic autoimmune disorder. It cannot be completely cured. It can only be prevented and controlled. The treatment of celiac disease includes lifestyle changes and following a strict diet. Treatment is done by strictly adhering to certain things as discussed herein.
A person has to follow strict gluten diet in order to control the celiac disease. The intake of gluten is to be avoided.
Food and beverages with gluten content 20 parts per million (ppm) only can be allowed. For some people, these traces of gluten won't create any problem, but there are some patients who cannot tolerate even these small traces of gluten. For such people, completely gluten-free diet is recommended.
If a patient strictly follows the diet, the inflammation in the intestine may improve and eventually the symptoms may resolve. Also, continuous gluten-free diet prevents future reappearing of the disease and other complications related to the disease.
Other than wheat, barley and rye that are typical gluten containing foods, there are other foods that contain gluten. These are:
A gluten-free diet means a food that does not contain the protein gluten. In spite of all these restrictions, people with celiac disease can eat a balanced diet.
Your doctor will advise you to visit a dietician, who will help you to maintain a gluten-free diet.
The following foods are beneficial for a celiac patient because these foods naturally do not contain any gluten:
However, there are some foods, medications and other products, which contain hidden gluten. A patient should keep himself away from these foods. Some of them are:
People suffering with celiac disease are often found deficient of some essential nutrients and minerals. This may be because their body does not absorb the required minerals and vitamins. The deficiency can be of:
In order to deal with this condition, your doctor may recommend vitamin supplements.
Bone health is very important for people with celiac. Proper tests should be done to check the bone density. If the doctor finds thinning of bones, he may advise the patient to take some dietary supplements.
Your doctor may prescribe medications for healing the inflammation in intestine. But medications are only given if the intestine is severely damaged. Steroids are given as medications because they ease the symptoms of the disorder.
If the person is having itchy, blistering skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis), the doctor may suggest a skin medication along with gluten-free diet.
The patient needs a medical follow up care even after following a strict gluten-free diet. Follow up is necessary to-
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