Early Childhood Caries

There are several risk factors for the formation of dental caries in early childhood. They include frequent brushing of teeth, recent fillings and/or extractions, plaque deposits, premature birth, and low socioeconomic status. There has been a significant decline in dental caries after the community water fluoridation. Fluoridated water is the most cost-effective method for prevention of caries. Optimal fluoride levels in drinking water is 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that children must not be provided water with fluoride levels more than two parts per million.