Cirrhosis, a chronic disease is caused mainly by long-term disease or injury to the liver. The process is gradual and it does take time to reach severe condition like cirrhosis.
Following are the reasons that lead to cirrhosis:
Chronic alcoholism is the leading cause of cirrhosis all over the world. Drinking excessive amount of alcohol can cause swelling of the liver and liver enlargement. Ultimately, this leads to cirrhosis. The amount of alcohol that causes cirrhosis can be different for different people.
The main function of liver is to break down various toxins and alcohol. When the amount of alcohol is too high, the liver is overloaded. This causes damage to the liver cells.
Alcohol-induced cirrhosis is further categorized into three stages:
According to a study, about 35% of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis while approximately 10% of them develop cirrhosis.
Hepatitis C, a blood-borne infection, is the second major cause of cirrhosis worldwide. About one-fourth of people suffering from chronic hepatitis C develop cirrhosis. It is caused by heavy alcohol consumption and prolonged usage of certain medicines and drugs. The disease causes swelling of the liver and with time, it damages the liver. Eventually, the condition leads to cirrhosis.
Following are the reasons of getting this viral condition:
In addition to Hepatitis C, hepatitis B and D also cause cirrhosis.
Deposition of fat in the liver can be because of many other reasons like Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH). This causes swelling and damage to the liver cells.
Following are the main reasons for fat buildup in the liver:
Generally, people with bad eating habits have NASH. Along with cirrhosis, there are other complications associated with it like diabetes, coronary artery disease, high cholesterol and obesity.
Bile is a fluid that helps in digestion while bile ducts are small tube-like structures that carry it from liver to small intestine. Any condition that limits or stops the flow of bile to the small intestines can create a problem.
Following are the main conditions that limit the flow of bile into small intestine:
As a result, the bile accumulates in the liver causing swelling and leading to cirrhosis.
In addition to alcohol and obesity, genetic diseases can also be the reason for developing cirrhosis. Following are the commonly reported diseases that are linked with cirrhosis:
The condition is an autoimmune disorder that is caused due to abnormal functioning of immune system. The immune system attacks its own healthy cells in the body, as it cannot differentiate between foreign cells and body cells. Sometimes liver is attacked and patients develop cirrhosis.
This syndrome is categorized with thrombosis in hepatic veins. This means clot formation (thrombosis) takes place in liver veins that carry blood from the liver. Ultimately, this leads to enlargement of liver and cirrhosis.
In addition to above-discussed causes, there are other reasons that lead to liver cirrhosis like:
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Liver and Liver Cirrhosis - What is liver cirrhosis? The liver. . . .
Cirrhosis Treatment There is no treatment for cirrhosis and. . . .
Liver Cirrhosis Symptoms and Signs The main function of liver. . . .
Prevention of cirrhosis Cirrhosis is the final stage of prolonged liver. . . .
Cirrhosis Complications The normal functioning of your liver. . . .