Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autism generally starts before the age of 3 years and lasts lifelong. An early detection of signs and symptoms is done by parents, teachers and peers close to the child. It is however difficult to detect any signs at early ages as the signs may range from low to mild to severely autistic depending upon a child or a person. Autism is a ‘spectrum’ disorder which shows a wide range of signs and symptoms among children and adults. There are two main types of behaviours shown by autistic toddlers, children and adults. It is not necessary that all of these behaviours are shown by everyone who suffers with it. But most people exhibit several of these behavioural characteristics.
Signs occur in autistic people for different prospects of life skills. As Autism is a broad spectrum disorder, it consists of many signs and symptoms shown at different aspects of person for different prospects of the life like such as the following:
It refers to how a person interacts with other persons and the way he talks, analyses, and perceives conversations. Autistic people always face difficulties in socializing and interacting with people. The mode of interaction is different than others and they may be usually lost in their own world. People with autism find difficulties in showing their emotions and expressing their thoughts and even understanding others’ feelings. They are also very sensitive to touch and avoid cuddle and hugs. Some of the examples of social issues are:-
Every person with autism has different communication skill sets – some are good at speaking while others don’t speak at all. About 40% of children with autism do not speak and talk at all and 25%–30% of the children with autism can use some words at 12 to 18 months of age and then loose these skills later on. Only few are able to speak but not until late childhood. Persons with autism who are able to speak may use languages in unusual ways such as not be able to put words into sentences. Some may say only one word at a time while others repeat the same words, phrases or sentences. Condition of ‘Echolalia’ (a condition in which children repeat the words and phrases what others say) is also seen in autistic children.
The most common sign of autistic people is repetitive behaviour whether repeating words, phrases, or doing same action and motion again and again like clapping, flapping the arms and playing with same toys in same manner. People with autism thrive on routine and they don’t like any change in their routine which also disturbs their behaviour and therefore they lose their mental control.
Children develop at their own pace so it’s difficult to tell which skill sets are developing at which stage of life with autistic people. Autistic children might face difficulty in speaking, socialization and learning but their ability to walk is same as other children of their age. They might be good at video games and puzzles solving than normal children. They usually learn hard skills relatively easily.
People with autism find loud noise as unpleasant and shocking. They find smells and changes in room temperature also as unpleasant.
Can autism be cured? There is no cure for autism as such. But. . . .
Early Signs of Autism Autism signs and symptoms are mostly. . . .
Definition of Autism Autism is a lifelong complex neurobehavioral condition. . . .
Diagnosis of Autism: How to diagnose autism in toddlers and. . . .
The exact cause of autism is not well known till date. But researchers have. . . .