Sensitive teeth are not only painful but they also affect the daily life. Tooth sensitivity is very common and can be easily treated.
The dentist usually identifies the underlying cause of the condition and treatment proceeds accordingly. Some of the measures done to treat tooth sensitivity are:
Desensitizing toothpaste helps people with the sensitivity problem. The main ingredients of this toothpaste are strontium chloride and potassium nitrate. These two compounds block the transmission of pain signals from the surface of your tooth to the inner nerves by filling the exposed tiny tunnels in the teeth, which are connected to the nerve.
Fluoride helps prevent the tooth decay by increasing the resistance capacity of the tooth so that it can resist to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth.
Fluoride is applied at the sensitive areas of the teeth. Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the pain. A dentist can apply fluoride to the teeth as a gel, foam, or varnish.
Dental bonding or tooth bonding is the process in which a tooth-colored composite resin (plastic) is applied to the tooth:
Gum grafts are used to cover the exposed roots. A gum tissue is taken from the palate or another source in the mouth and attached to the affected tooth root. This can be done for one tooth, several teeth or even gum line.
It reduces tooth sensitivity as the exposed roots are covered and cannot be affected to the temperature change.
If severe pain is experienced along with sensitivity problem and other treatments are not effective enough to solve the issue, the dentist may recommend root canal treatment.
A root canal is a type of treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth. The procedure starts by removing the damaged area of the tooth (the pulp), followed by cleaning and disinfecting it and then filling and sealing it.
The pulp is damaged by a cracked tooth, a deep cavity and repeated dental treatment to the tooth. Root canal treatment is done in four steps which are:
X-ray: X-ray of the mouth is taken to locate the possible tooth decay. Further treatment is based on the X-ray as it gives a clear idea about the accurate location of the decay.
Anesthesia: The patient is given a local anesthesia at the affected tooth.
Pulpectomy: It involves removal of the diseased tooth pulp, cleaning and disinfecting the affected part.
Filling: After cleaning, the roots are filled with gutta-percha material and sealed with the cement.
A root canal is considered as the most successful technique for eliminating tooth sensitivity.
One of the main causes of tooth sensitivity is bruxism. It is the grinding of teeth while sleeping. For such situations, dentists recommend a mouth guard to be worn during the night. The mouth guard is a device for the mouth that covers the gums and the teeth.
Mouth guard reduces the pain caused by sensitive teeth as it stops the grinding of teeth.
Brushing technique is very important. It is the basic step of achieving a healthy oral hygiene. Right technique can prevent many oral problems and can treat many others. Since abrasive brushing is one of the causes of tooth sensitivity, improving brushing technique is essential to ensure the health of teeth.
Some brushing tips are given below:
Smoking increases the risk of mouth pain, cavities and gum recession. Avoiding it can decrease the likelihood of these conditions and thus it can be helpful in treating tooth sensitivity.
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