Endometriosis is an abnormal disorder in which endometrium grows outside of your uterus. The layer of tissue that covers inside of the uterus (endometrium) starts growing outside of it. The disease generally affects women of the age of 30 to 40. About 176 million women are affected by this condition.
Endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are common disorders in women that affect about 10 percent of women worldwide. The conditions particularly occur in women of childbearing age. These problems can be quite painful and it can be very difficult to cope with them, still they are often hard to recognize.
Painful menstruation is the most common symptom of endometriosis. The pain starts a week before ovulation and continues even after about a week of periods. Pain occurs with severe cramping. Endometriosis is often mistaken for ovarian cysts and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) due to similar symptoms of these diseases.
The exact cause of endometriosis is not known. Researchers have given several theories and probable reasons to explain what causes endometriosis. It is possible that a combination of several triggering factors may cause the disease. The probable causes include - retrograde menstruation, peritoneal cell transformation, embryonic cell transformation, genetics, family history etc.
Endometriosis diagnosis is generally done in a physical exam. The doctor will ask questions about your medical history. It is an estrogen-dependent disease; therefore women with heavy menses have higher chances of developing this condition. The doctor may ask questions about your menses. Many women with endometriosis experience chronic pelvic pain.
Women who suffer with endometriosis sometimes go through a number of complications such as fertility issues and ovarian cysts. They can face problems in conceiving a child and keeping it to the term. In some cases, the doctor also warns the patient to have the child soon if a lady is diagnosed with endometriosis.
There is no cure for endometriosis. But, you can improve infertility and pain caused due to endometriosis with available treatment options. Treatment of endometriosis depends on various factors such as age of the patient, severity of symptoms, and whether you are planning for children in future.