Diabetes can cause severe complications in many organs including your eyes. Diabetic retinopathy is one such condition that can develop as a result of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy depends on the duration of time diabetes is present and is caused by small blood vessel damage to the back layer of the eye (the retina) which results in progressive loss of vision, even blindness. Some other serious complications of diabetes are cardiovascular disease (such as heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis), nephropathy (damage to kidneys), neuropathy (damage to nerves), foot damage, Alzheimer's disease, skin problems, pregnancy complications, etc.
All of the carbohydrates that are absorbed are converted to glucose and released into the blood. Insulin helps to move this glucose into the cells rapidly. Patients at risk of diabetes or suffering from diabetes do not have sufficient insulin. They should avoid carbohydrates unless there is sufficient insulin added from externally to move the resulting glucose into the cells.
Most of the glucose you consume is sent into your bloodstream, causing a rise in blood glucose levels. This increase in blood glucose signals the pancreas to produce insulin. Insulin helps the body turn glucose into energy. It also helps the body store it in your muscles, fat cells, and liver for later use when there is a need of it.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long-term metabolic problem characterized by high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin in the body. It is a chronic condition in which the body fails to properly use and store glucose. This type of diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus in the world.
The pancreas is a large gland located behind the stomach and next to the small intestine. It plays an important role in converting the food we eat into energy for the body's cells. The pancreas has two main functions: an exocrine function that helps in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.