welcome to disease section for diabetes mellitus 

Complications of diabetes
Complications of diabetes

Diabetes can cause severe complications in many organs including your eyes. Diabetic retinopathy is one such condition that can develop as a result of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy depends on the duration of time diabetes is present and is caused by small blood vessel damage to the back layer of the eye (the retina) which results in progressive loss of vision, even blindness. Some other serious complications of diabetes are cardiovascular disease (such as heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis), nephropathy (damage to kidneys), neuropathy (damage to nerves), foot damage, Alzheimer's disease, skin problems, pregnancy complications, etc. 

Chronic complications of diabetes
Chronic complications of diabetes

Diabetes increases the risk for many serious health problems.  By following the correct treatment plan and recommended lifestyle changes, you can prevent or delay the onset of these complications.

Blood glucose meter
Blood glucose meter

A blood glucose meter is a small and portable device that's used to measure how much glucose (a type of sugar) is present in the blood. If you have diabetes, you'll likely need a blood glucose meter to measure the amount of sugar in your blood.

Effects of type 2 diabetes
Effects of type 2 diabetes

All of the carbohydrates that are absorbed are converted to glucose and released into the blood. Insulin helps to move this glucose into the cells rapidly. Patients at risk of diabetes or suffering from diabetes do not have sufficient insulin. They should avoid carbohydrates unless there is sufficient insulin added from externally to move the resulting glucose into the cells.

Effects of type 1 diabetes
Effects of type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin because the cells that make the insulin have been destroyed by the body's immune system. This lack in insulin secretion leads to an accumulation of blood sugar.

Diabetic foot ulcer
Diabetic foot ulcer

The image shows a diabetic ulcer on left foot. Diabetic foot ulcer is a major complication of diabetes mellitus.

How does insulin work?
How does insulin work?

Most of the glucose you consume is sent into your bloodstream, causing a rise in blood glucose levels. This increase in blood glucose signals the pancreas to produce insulin. Insulin helps the body turn glucose into energy. It also helps the body store it in your muscles, fat cells, and liver for later use when there is a need of it.

Diabetes mellitus type 2 overview
Diabetes mellitus type 2 overview

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long-term metabolic problem characterized by high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin in the body. It is a chronic condition in which the body fails to properly use and store glucose. This type of diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus in the world.

Diabetes mellitus type 1 overview
Diabetes mellitus type 1 overview

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs when your pancreas, an organ in the abdomen, produces very little or no insulin at all. Without insulin, your body can't use glucose appropriately.

Diabetic foot ulcer with chronic limb ischemia
Diabetic foot ulcer with chronic limb ischemia

A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that develops in some patients with diabetes. Chronic critical limb ischemia is manifested by pain at rest, nonhealing wounds and gangrene.

Treating diabetes in pregnant woman with insulin
Treating diabetes in pregnant woman with insulin

The use of oral anti-diabetic drugs in pregnancies is not recommended by the American Dental Association (ADA). UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines consider metformin and glyburide safe in pregnancy and lactation.

What are pancreas?
What are pancreas?

The pancreas is a large gland located behind the stomach and next to the small intestine. It plays an important role in converting the food we eat into energy for the body's cells. The pancreas has two main functions: an exocrine function that helps in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.

The level of sugar in the blood
The level of sugar in the blood

Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are too high. People develop hyperglycemia if their diabetes is not treated properly. Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are too low.

Diabetic foot ulcer of patient
Diabetic foot ulcer of patient

Diabetic foot ulcer is commonly located on the bottom of the foot.

Heart attack risk factors
Heart attack risk factors

These are some common risk factors for a heart attack. Genetics play an important role in defining the risk of a person for getting a heart attack.