Kidney Transplant Care Guideline

Chronic maintenance dialysis is not available for many patients in a number of developing countries in Asia, Africa, and South America. Patients living in remote areas may not have access to dialysis. Kidney transplantation may be the only viable option for long term renal replacement therapy in many areas of the world. Transplantation is the most cost effective form of renal replacement therapy and offers a superior quality of life compared to dialysis. For all of these reasons, there is a growing demand for kidney transplantation in the developing world, and it is imperative that kidney transplantation be made affordable. Even where immunosuppressive drugs are available, their high cost may preclude their use if adequate health insurance coverage is not available.