The History of Cataract Surgery

Cataracts were common in the ancient age too. The oldest documented reference about cataracts is dated about 2500 BC in a statue kept in the Egyptian museum. There are evidences of ancient that show that the ancient people were aware of the disease and used various surgical procedures to treat the cataracts. One such technique known as ‘couching’ was used. This was later replaced by cataract extraction surgery. The lens was removed through suction using a hollow instrument in this procedure. Excavations indicate this procedure was used in the second century. The procedure required a large incision in the eye, a hollow needle, and an assistant for suction who had an extraordinary lung capacity.