Our eyes have a protective layer known as conjunctiva. It is a thin, transparent and moist layer that covers our eyes and keeps them moist. Conjunctiva helps the eyelids blink without any friction and also protects them from environmental pollutants. Infection of conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis. It is highly contagious.
There are a variety of signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis. Many people usually think of them as normal eye irritation and ignore them. This sometimes results in adverse complications which can lead to eye damage. Redness in the white portion of the eye is the most common symptom of conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis (pink eye infection) is a contagious disease that can spread in the environment widely. There are many causes of conjunctivitis such as bacteria, viruses, chemicals, pollutants from environment, use of contact lenses for a long time, Chlamydia, parasite, etc. Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common of all forms of conjunctivitis.
There are many other eye diseases or infections that are indicated with redness in eye (which is the most common symptoms of conjunctivitis). This makes diagnosis of the condition a bit difficult. You should therefore meet a eye specialist of you note related symptoms. The doctor will review your symptoms and ask questions to collect medical history.
Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the actual cause of the infection. Doctors prescribe eye medications, eye drops, eye ointments or suggest certain home remedies such as regularly cleaning eyelids with a wet cloth, applying cold and warm compresses etc to manage the symptoms. Breast milk is a good preventive measure for newborn babies.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments. Artificial tears that are free of preservatives can be applied a few times in a day. You should not use prescription medicines such as steroids eye drops without a doctor's prescription. To reduce the discomfort, you can apply a warm compress.