Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, is a disease characterized by an increase in blood glucose or blood sugar. The foods that we eat contain glucose which is used to give energy to the body cells. Insulin is a hormone in our body which helps in the conversion of glucose into energy that is utilized by our cells for performing. . . .+
A blood sugar or blood glucose chart identifies ideal blood sugar levels in your body throughout the day, including before meals and after meals. If you have to keep a track of blood sugar levels, during the day or over a period of weeks or months, you can use the chart as a reference.
Diabetes symptoms occur become some or all of the glucose you get from food stays in your blood and does not get converted into energy as a fuel for the body. Your body tries to remove excess glucose in your urine. Main symptoms are such as fatigue and extreme thirst, peeing more often, infections, weight loss.
Diabetes is a multi-factorial disease. The reason for developing it depends on the type of diabetes, genetics, lifestyle and environment-related factors. Genetics is certainly the most important reason why some people develop it and others do not. Lifestyle and growing age are other risk factors.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that everyone above the age of 45 should be tested for diabetes. If the results are normal, a person must be re-tested every three years. Testing should be conducted at earlier ages and more frequently in people who are at higher risk of the disease.
Diabetes is a serious disease. Treatment needs monitoring your blood sugar (glucose) levels. Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy body weight and engaging in regular physical activity are important for managing the diabetes. Oral diabetes drugs are usually used only after lifestyle changes have been unsuccessful in lowering your glucose levels.
Diabetes may affect various parts of your eye, including the retina, macula, lens and the optic nerve. More than 25 million Americans have diabetes, and the number is considerably increasing. People with diabetes are at risk for diabetic eye diseases and risk for losing vision. Diabetic retinopathy creates a greater risk to the vision.