Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are small crystalline deposits which are made up of minerals and salts in the kidneys. These stones can range from very small size to large sized stones. Generally, kidney stones are nearly harmless when they are present in the kidneys, but cause pain as they travel down through ureters.
A blockage in urinary tract such as due to a kidney stone can slow down the flow of urine and reduce the ability to empty the bladder when urinating. This blockage can result in kidney infection. Kidney infection is also called pyelonephritis.
Kidney Stones in Children (Pediatric Kidney Stones) occur when levels of certain minerals in the urine become high and concentrated that they form solid crystals. When these stones become larger, they may get lodged in the urinary tract, causing pain, blockage or infection.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy is the most commonly used medical procedure for the treatment of certain types of kidney stones and stones in other organs, such as your gallbladder or liver.
Kidney stones are of different sizes. They range from small-sized crystals (small kidney stones) to large-sized stones (large kidney stones) such as the size of a golf ball. Variations in sizes of kidney stones can influence their removal and treatment. Kidney stones of less than 5mm are considered to be small.
Lithotripsy is recommended for patients when medicines do not provide relief. During the procedure, an ultrasound scanner is used to locate the exact position of the stones. The machine is pointed at the location of stones. Sound waves go through the skin to break the stone into very small pieces.
Kidney stones vary in size. Some are very small and others are as large as a few inches big. Some kidney stones may not produce symptoms such as pain. These are known as silent stones. But people who have kidney stones generally experience sudden onset of excruciating, cramping pain.
Kidney stones have variable appearances. They may vary with respect to their color, size and shape. The size of kidney stones can range from small sized crystals to large sized stones such as the size of a golf ball. Usually, small-sized stones can easily pass through the urinary tract without any medical assistance.
Most kidney stones ultimately pass from the kidney through the urethra on their own. However, treatment is needed to control pain from kidney stones because the pain can be severe. The passage of kidney stones can sometimes occur easily with the urine but it can be a dreadful event in some cases.
People who have kidney stones generally experience sudden onset of excruciating, cramping pain at certain locations. Here are listed some ways you can try at home to help relieve from the extreme pain due to kidney stones. Keep yourself hydrated. Drink plenty of water and juices.