Sinus infection or sinusitis is a common condition characterized by an inflammation of the sinuses and nasal passages. Sinusitis is actually sinus inflammation, usually caused by an infection. It is quite common and usually clears up on its own within 2 to 3 weeks. But medicines may be used if it is taking a longer time to go away.
The term sinusitis often describes the inflammation of the sinuses. Sometimes the linings of the ducts or tubes that connect the sinuses to the back of the nose become inflamed and therefore fail to drain the fluid. The buildup of this infectious fluid in the sinuses creates pressure within theses blocked sinuses. As a result, the inflamed sinuses fail to drain this fluid and create pressure within the sinus cavity, which ultimately results in severe sinus pain or sinus headache.
The main treatment goals of sinusitis include reducing swelling or inflammation in the sinuses and nasal passages, curing infection, promoting sinus drainage, maintaining open sinuses. Nasal and oral decongestants are commonly used.
Sinus surgery is usually an option if sinusitis is due to a deviated septum, polyps, or other structural problems. The main goals of sinus surgery are to relieve symptoms and cut down on how many infections patients get. Endoscopy has been found to improve symptoms in almost 90 out of 100 people.
Sinus irrigation or sinus flush is a safe saltwater flush used for getting rid of nasal congestion due to sinusitis. It is also commonly called sinus wash as it involves cleaning of sinuses with saline water. A sinus flush or sinus wash is usually done with saline or salt water.