Author: Sana Masroor
Sana Masroor is a biochemist and has pursued her Master’s degree in biochemistry from Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi. She has worked as a Research Trainee in the Special Center for Molecular Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Food poisoning is a condition that can occur in anyone who consumes food contaminated by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Certain groups of people are at a high risk of food poisoning because they may have a low immune response or are in stressful conditions. These groups involve infants, young children, pregnant women, older people, and people with chronic diseases.
Bladder cancer is more common in males than in females. The main recognized risk factors of bladder cancer are tobacco smoking, urinary schistosomiasis, and occupational exposure to aromatic amines. Other potential risk factors for the bladder cancer include urinary tract diseases, certain drugs, genetic factors, etc.
Hypermetropia correction is needed to remediate symptoms and to reduce the future risk of these visual problems. Hypermetropia can be corrected using optical correction, vision therapy, medical therapy, and refractive surgery. Read more about the measures to correct hypermetropia (farsightedness).
Cystitis is a condition characterized by inflammation in the lining of the bladder. Misdiagnosis can be defined as a condition in which a patient is informed that he/she has a particular disease or illness when, in reality, he/she has a different one.
One of the major differences between an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer is that enlargement of the prostate occurs when the prostate gland’s cells start multiplying, leading to inflammation of the prostate gland while prostate cancer occurs due to the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the cells present within the prostate gland.
Addison’s disease can be associated with autoimmune diseases like hypothyroidism that also affect the activity of other endocrine glands. If a person is suffering from autoimmune hypothyroidism and autoimmune adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease), it is called Schmidt syndrome.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition caused due to the weakening or relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) valve. As a result, the stomach contents backflow into the esophagus. There are many causes behind GERD symptoms; however, tobacco and alcohol consumption can worsen the symptoms leading to irritation and heartburn.
Food poisoning is a common condition that occurs when certain microorganisms or germs contaminate the food and drinking water. Food poisoning can be prevented by taking various precautionary measures such as having good quality food, using pasteurized dairy products, cooking foods at proper temperatures, etc.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic or severe condition of acid reflux. Patients who do not get relief from medications and lifestyle modifications may be recommended GERD surgery. Since GERD is characterized by damaged or weakened LES valve in most cases, the surgery focuses on replacing the LES valve to avoid acid reflux. Read more about surgical options for GERD treatment.