welcome to disease section for endometrial cancer 

What is endometrial cancer?
What is endometrial cancer?

Endometrial cancer starts when cells in the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) begin to grow out of control. It is one of the most common cancers in women in the United States.

Microscopic view of endometrial cancer
Microscopic view of endometrial cancer

The image shows high and low power microscopic view of endometrium (uterus) in case of an endometrial cancer.

Hysterectomy 3d illustration
Hysterectomy 3d illustration

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of uterus of women. It may also involve removal of neaby organs such as the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other surrounding structures. The image shows after hysterectomy has been performed and there is no uterus in the pelvis.

Uterus with endometrial tissue
Uterus with endometrial tissue

The image shows the uterus of women with endometrial tissue as a 3D model. Endometrial cancer is the cancer of endometrial lining within the uterus.

Endometriosis
Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a risk factor for endometrial cancer. The image shows structure of the pelvic organs in a healthy woman vs in a woman with endometriosis.

Normal endometrium vs endometrium in a woman with hyperplasia
Normal endometrium vs endometrium in a woman with hyperplasia

Hyperplasia is the enlargement of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells. This is generally considered as an initial stage in the development of endometrial cancer. If you are at high risk of cancer, your doctor will look for any signs of hyperplasia too among other signs.

Microscopic view of the uterus showing endometrium and myometrium
Microscopic view of the uterus showing endometrium and myometrium

The image shows a microscopic view of the uterus with endometrium and myometrium. Endometrium is the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus (womb) in women. Endometrial cancer starts from here. The myometrium is the middle layer of the uterine wall, that consists mainly of uterine smooth muscle cells.

Photomicrograph of adenocarcinoma of endometrium in a biopsy
Photomicrograph of adenocarcinoma of endometrium in a biopsy

This is a photograph of adenocarcinoma of endometrium in a biopsy from a patient with abnormal bleeding. Biopsy is the ultimate test to diagnose the presence of cancer.

Microscopic view of adenocarcinoma of endometrium in a biopsy
Microscopic view of adenocarcinoma of endometrium in a biopsy

This is a photomicrograph of an endometrial biopsy in a patient with abnormal bleeding. The image shows benign proliferative endometrium, part of the normal menstrual cycle. No hyperplasia or malignancy (endometrial cancer) is seen in this case.

Menstruation bleeding 3d illustration
Menstruation bleeding 3d illustration

Unusual vaginal bleeding, spotting, or other discharge is a common early sign of endometrial cancer. About 90% of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer have abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as a change in their periods or bleeding between periods or after the menopause.

Types of Hysterectomy
Types of Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of uterus of women. It may also involve removal of neaby organs. The illustration shows types of hysterectomy and the portions that are rmeoved in each type of surgery.

Endometrial tissue 3d illustration
Endometrial tissue 3d illustration

Endometrial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells develop in the tissues of the endometrium. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus.

Endometrial cancer overview
Endometrial cancer overview

Endometrial cancer signs, symptoms, and treatment

Visualization of uterus through hysterescopy
Visualization of uterus through hysterescopy

Visualization of uterus through hysterescopy shows endometrial cancer. Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows doctors to see inside the uterus to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is done using a thin, lighted tube called hysteroscope that is inserted into the vagina.

Uterine polyps
Uterine polyps

The image shows uterine polyps, which is considered as a risk factor for endometrial and uterine cancer. Your doctor will perform diagnosis to see if the polyps are cancerous.