welcome to disease section for eye cancer 

Retinoblastoma symptoms
Retinoblastoma symptoms

Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that begins in the retina. Common symptoms and signs of retinoblastoma are shown in the image. Leukocoria (also known as a cat's eye reflex or white pupillary reflex) and strabismus (lazy eye) are signs appearing in more than 20% of the cases. Squint, pseudoinflammation, pain or redness in the eye, a change in the color of the iris, poor vision, etc are other common symptoms associated with retinoblastoma. 

Signs of eye cancer - Mole
Signs of eye cancer - Mole

Close up of a suspicious mole in an eye of a woman. Certain signs and symptoms including a mole might suggest that a person could have eye melanoma, but tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis. If the dark spot or the mole in the iris gets bigger, it may be a sign of concern. The cancer can be benign in several cases, but regular checkup is necessary as it might otherwise lead to loss of vision in case of a serious problem. 

Advanced conjunctival carcinoma protruding through the palpebral fissure
Advanced conjunctival carcinoma protruding through the palpebral

Malignant cancers can grow on the surface of the eye. They generally begin from the membrane that covers the eye called the conjunctiva. One of the most common conjunctival cancers is squamous carcinoma.

Retinoblastoma
Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that begins in the retina. Retina is the sensitive lining on the inside of your eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly affects young children, but can rarely occur in adults. Retinoblastoma can either affect one or both eyes. It occurs when nerve cells in the retina develop genetic mutation which leads to a continuous growth of cells when healthy cells would die forming tumor. In later stages, retinoblastoma can metastasize to other areas of the body, including the brain and spine.

Conjunctiva squamous cell carcinoma before and after surgical removal in a patient
Conjunctiva squamous cell carcinoma before and after surgical removal

The image shows a close up of the eye with conjunctiva squamous cell carcinoma before and one year after surgical removal in a patient.

Signs of eye cancer
Signs of eye cancer

Mole can be a sign of eye melanoma, but tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis as it can be something else too. People with eye cancer suffer from blurred vision, partial or total loss of vision, bulging of one eye, etc. Shadows, flashes of light, or wiggly lines in your vision are observed. In some cases, a lump on your eyelid or in your eye might appear which increases in size. Change in iris color is also a sign of eye melanoma.

Eye Anatomy
Eye Anatomy

The eye is our organ of sight. The eye has a number of components which include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve, choroid and vitreous.