welcome to disease section for menstruation (period) 

Hormonal changes due to menstruation
Hormonal changes due to menstruation

Levels of estrogen and progesterone reduce just prior to menstruation and this extreme change triggers headaches resulting in migraine pain. Anywhere from 2 days before the period in the secretory phase to 3 days after it starts during menstruation, migraine pain can be triggered. In some women, during a menstruation cycle, migraine tends to improve as women reach menopause. Migraines can start in very early stages of life (as menstruation in women begins) and can continue throughout the reproductive years till the menopause.

Anatomy of femal external genital organs
Anatomy of femal external genital organs

The female reproductive system is quite complicated but fascinating. It has the capability to function with almost every other body system for the purpose of reproduction. The female reproductive organs can be subdivided into the internal and external genitalia (as  showsn  in the image).

Stages of menopause
Stages of menopause

The 3-5 year period before menopause when your estrogen and hormone levels begin to reduce is called perimenopause. You generally enter into perimenopause in your late 40's and may begin to experience irregular menstrual cycles and symptoms. These may include such as hot flashes, sleep disturbances, insomnia etc.

Menopause
Menopause

Fluctuation of hormones that occurs during menopause. Menopause is the stage in women's lives when their bodies lose the ability to produce enough hormones that keep the body balanced and healthy.

The influence of estrogen on various organs
The influence of estrogen on various organs

Estrogen has an influence on various organs. Many organ systems such as the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems, and the brain are affected by estrogen.

Tips for women in menstruation
Tips for women in menstruation

Ensure your intake of vitamins is sufficient through smart food choices and supplements when needed. Vitamins help with bloating, and Vitamin C and zinc are essential to every woman for a healthy reproductive system. Here are some simple guidelines for menstruation-related problems.

Female sexual cycle
Female sexual cycle

Female sexual cycle illustration graphic diagram with menstruation and ovulation chart and uterus visualizations. From the birth of a girl child to the age of her puberty, her ovary contains thousands of immature eggs in immature follicles.

Menstrual pain tips
Menstrual pain tips

Here are some simple guidelines for menstruation-related problems such as pain, cramps etc.

Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle

The illustration shows menstrual cycle in females and detailed follicular development with menstruation and ovulation days. 

Scheme of the menstrual cycle
Scheme of the menstrual cycle

The illustration shows a scheme of the menstrual cycle, level of hormones in female period, changes in the endometrium etc.

Phases of the menstrual cycle
Phases of the menstrual cycle

The entire duration of a Menstrual cycle can be divided into four main phases: Menstrual phase (From day 1 to 5), Follicular phase (From day 1 to 13), Ovulation phase (Day 14), Luteal phase (From day 15 to 28).

Ovulation chart and female menstrual cycle
Ovulation chart and female menstrual cycle

Most women have a 28-day menstrual cycle. This means you have about 6 days each month when you can get pregnant. This includes the day that one of your ovaries releases an egg, called ovulation, and the 5 days before. It is important to have sex within this window for getting pregnant.

Estrogen hormone levels
Estrogen hormone levels

Estrogen levels are constantly changing throughout a woman's reproductive life. On a monthly basis, menstruation guides its regular fluctuation in preparation to nourish another human being. This happens until menopause when she has her last menstrual cycle. 

Menopause symptoms
Menopause symptoms

Are you experiencing menopause symptoms? Know about the symptoms and what will happen during menopause.

Ovulation steps
Ovulation steps

Illustration of ovulation steps through an infographic diagram showing all stages of developing follicle from primordial to final corpus albicans.