welcome to disease section for myopia 

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)
Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) is a type of refractive surgery to correct myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. The thin outer layer of your cornea called epithelium is removed before reshaping the underlying corneal tissue with an excimer laser. The epithelium heals itself and grows back over the corneal surface within a few days after the surgery.

 

LASIK eye surgery procedure
LASIK eye surgery procedure

In LASIK, a thin flap in your cornea is created using either a microkeratome blade or a femtosecond laser. The surgeon folds back the flap, then removes some corneal tissue underneath using an excimer laser. The flap is then placed back to cover the area where the corneal tissue was removed.

Eye Anatomy
Eye Anatomy

The eye is our organ of sight. The eye has a number of components which include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve, choroid and vitreous.

Normal Eye VS Eye with Myopia
Normal Eye VS Eye with Myopia

Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye in which light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.

How do distant and near objects appear to a person with myopia?
How do distant and near objects appear to a person with myopia?

Since light focuses in front of retina in a myopic eye, distant objects appear blurry but close objects appear normal to such persons. This is because light is focused in front of your retina and, being too far forward in the eye, objects in the distance look blurred.

Contact lens for myopic persons
Contact lens for myopic persons

Unlike glasses, which you can see over and under, contact lenses cover your cornea and correct your entire field of vision. If you are nearsighted, farsighted or if you have astigmatism, contact lens can help you manage the condition.

Short-sightedness VS far-sightedness
Short-sightedness VS far-sightedness

Both nearsightedness and farsightedness are refractive conditions, which measn that they both are problems related to how the light is focused as it enters the eye. Nearsighted (myopia) means that you can see closer or “nearer” and further out gets blurry. Farsighted is simply the opposite of it.

LASIK surgery for myopia
LASIK surgery for myopia

LASIK, or "laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis," is the most commonly performed laser eye surgery to treat myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. It is a type of refractive eye surgery. Most people who have LASIK eye surgery achieve 20/25 vision or better, which is good for most activities.