Ovarian cancer, or cancer of the ovaries, is one of the most common types of cancer in females. The ovaries are a pair of small organs located low in the abdomen that are connected to the womb and store a woman's eggs. The cancer mainly affects women after the menopause.
Most women diagnosed with Stage IV ovarian cancer have a five-year survival rate of approximately 17%. Almost half (46%) of women with ovarian cancer are still alive at least 5 years after diagnosis. Staging gives an idea about the survival rate and is indicative of trends in the general population and not a specific case.
The cells may develop a tumor on the ovary, parts of which can break off and spread to other parts of the body causing the spread of ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all cancers of a woman's reproductive tract. Most ovarian cancer occurs after menopause; and about 50% of them occur in women over age 60.