welcome to disease section for periodontal disease 

Bad breath and gum disease
Bad breath and gum disease

Continued bad breath in your mouth may be a warning sign of gum (periodontal) disease. Gum disease is caused when there is a buildup of plaque on the teeth. The bacteria present in the mouth cause the formation of toxins which lead to irritation in gums. Gum disease is a known cause of bad breath as the gums pull away from the teeth and leave behind pockets in which bacteria settles and replicates, which also causes halitosis (bad breath).

Periodontitis and inflammation of the gums
Periodontitis and inflammation of the gums

Periodontitis is the inflammation of gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is one of the most common dental diseases. Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (called periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation caused by the action of those bacteria.

Stomatitis and gingivitis in a child
Stomatitis and gingivitis in a child

The image shows a case of stomatitis and gingivitis in a child. Stomatitis usually appears in children of the age of 2 to 4 years. The illness begins with fever. In 1 to 2 days grey-white blisters appear in the mouth and the gums turn red, swell up and bleed.

Different stages of periodental disease
Different stages of periodental disease

Stage 1 is early Gum Disease/Gingivitis which is characterised by the gums turning pink and there's going to be little to no signs of bleeding or inflammation. Stage 2 is mild periodontitis and stage 3 represents advanced periodontitis. As the bacteria and plaque are left to grow and the disease progresses, the gums and teeth start to separate further from each other. This leads to the development of deep gingival pockets, which can promote bacterial growth. This leads to mild and then advanced stages. 

Illustration of tooth loss
Illustration of tooth loss

Tooth loss is a process in which one or more teeth come loose and fall out. In adults, losing teeth is undesirable and is the result of an injury or disease, such as dental avulsion, tooth decay, and gum disease.

Stages of periodontal disease
Stages of periodontal disease

The image shows stages of periodontal disease from healthy gums to gingivitis, periodontitis and tooth loss. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.

Healthy teeth and teeth with periodontal disease
Healthy teeth and teeth with periodontal disease

The image shows healthy teeth vs teeth with periodontal disease. Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs of periodontal gum disease. Gingivitis (gum inflammation) generally precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis.

Periodontitis - Inflammation of the gums detailed illustration
Periodontitis - Inflammation of the gums detailed illustration

The images shows detailed illustration of the inflammation due to gum disease. Tissue damage can occur due to the action of cells involved in the inflammation and their products. 

Normal teeth VS periodontitis
Normal teeth VS periodontitis

Periodontitis is a inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium, the tissues that surround and support the teeth.  It is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and the bone that supports your teeth. The condition can cause your teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is a quite common dental problem but is largely preventable.

Illustration of gingivitis
Illustration of gingivitis

Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums, or gingiva. It is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease, but if left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis.

Human tooth decay anatomy diagram
Human tooth decay anatomy diagram

The image shows anatomy of human tooth decay and tooth loss. Tooth decay is the breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.

Human gum inflammation
Human gum inflammation

The image shows periodental disease causing inflammation in the tooth. Toothache occurs due to the inflammation of the central portion of the tooth called pulp. The pulp contains several nerve endings that are very sensitive to pain.

Common dental problems
Common dental problems

Common tooth disease: Sensitive teeth, caries, calculus, gingivitis, periodontitis and bad breath.

Periodontitis
Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a serious infection of gums that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports our teeth.