welcome to disease section for prostate cancer 

Examination of the prostate with cystoscopy
Examination of the prostate with cystoscopy
Physical examination for prostate cancer screening
Physical examination for prostate cancer screening

The digital rectal examination (DRE) is a procedure in which a physician tries to feel the surface of the prostate with a gloved finger. The doctor is able to feel any lumps or hard areas on the prostate with this procedure. After DRE, PSA (prostate specific antigen) exams are conducted to check for levels of prostate-specific antigen in the blood, with higher levels signaling potential cancer. The level of these antigens is also higher in case of benign prostatic hyperplasia, or infection or inflammation of the prostate. To confirm the diagnosis after physical examination, a biopsy may be done.

Prostate cancer symptoms
Prostate cancer symptoms

The picture shows some major problems that can occur in prostate cancer. It can lead to painful ejaculation and infertility in men. Some common symptoms of prostate cancer are burning or pain during urination, frequent urges to urinate at night, loss of bladder control, swelling in legs or pelvic area, blood in urine (hematuria), blood in semen, erectile dysfunction, etc. If the cancer has metastasized, fatigue, change in bowel habits, unexplained weight loss, pressure or pain in the rectum, numbness or pain in bone, etc are commonly observed symptoms.

Prostate cancer overview infographics
Prostate cancer overview infographics

Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. The prostate is a gland found only in males and is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Some common symptoms are difficult or painful urination, blood in the urine, painful ejaculation, difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, discomfort in the pelvic area, etc. Risk factors associated with it are age, obesity, genetics or family history, etc. For treatment, the doctor may first keep the patient under surveillance and regular checkups. Surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, etc are common treatment options for severe stages.

Transurethral resection procedure of the prostate
Transurethral resection procedure of the prostate

Transurethral Resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgical procedure to remove tissue from the prostate using a resectoscope. The device is inserted through the urethra in men via the tip of your penis.

Gut microbiome and prostate cancer
Gut microbiome and prostate cancer

Research indicates that there might be an association between the gastrointestinal microbiome and prostate cancer risk.

Picture of a male reproductive system and prostate cancer
Picture of a male reproductive system and prostate cancer

The graphics show a male genitourinary system, anatomy of the male reproductive system, and stages of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men.

Stages of prostate cancer
Stages of prostate cancer

After the diagnosis of prostate cancer, doctors try to figure out if it has spread, and if so, to what extent. This process is called staging. The stage of a prostate cancer describes how much cancer is there in the body of a patient. It ihelps determine how serious the cancer is and what options should be considered to treat it.

Prostate cancer image
Prostate cancer image

Prostate cancer is a cancer that occurs in the prostate gland — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. It is one of the most common types of cancer in men worldwide.

Prostate cancer symptoms image
Prostate cancer symptoms image

Common symptoms of prostate cancer in men are - burning sensation, pain during urination, difficulty in urinating, trouble starting and stopping while urinating, frequent urge to urinate at night, incontinence, loss of bladder control, etc.