Sensitive teeth pain is defined as intense and transitory pain that is caused by the exposure of the dentin (an inner part of the teeth). Sensitivity occurs when the enamel, which is a translucent outer hard covering that protects our teeth, gets thinner. The main reasons for the loss of enamel covering and tooth sensitivity are excess brushing of teeth, teeth grinding, acidic erosion, unhealthy oral habits, gastrointestinal problems, etc. Discoloration, teeth sensitivity, cracks and chips are major signs of teeth erosion.
Common tooth disease: Sensitive teeth, caries, calculus, gingivitis, periodontitis and bad breath. Oral health is essential for your overall health and quality of life. Tooth ache and sensitivity are common dental problems which indicate other serious health issues such as oral infection and sores, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay or cavities, tooth loss, bad breathe, etc. In critical cases, dental diseases might lead to oral cancer and other serious health problems such as diabetes, heart disease and stroke as well as pre-term and low-birth-weight babies.
Image shows a close-up view of teeth. Gums and tooth structure have been worn away leading to exposed root surface and sensitivity. Tooth sensitivity is also known as “dentin hypersensitivity”. It is the pain or discomfort in the teeth as a response to certain stimuli, such as hot or cold temperatures. If the tooth enamel is worn out, it results in tooth sensitivity. Factors that increase the risk of tooth sensitivity are hard brushing of teeth or using a hard toothbrush, grinding teeth at night, consumption of acidic foods and beverages, dental cleaning treatments, etc.
When patients suffer from dentine hypersensitivity, your dentist may recommend a specialist toothpaste to relieve the pain. It contains ingredients such as potassium nitrate or strontium chloride, which block pain signals to the nerve of the tooth by stopping up the tiny tunnels which go to the nerve of the teeth.