Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. Periodontal disease results in inflammation of the gums, destruction of the periodontal ligament, loss of supporting bone, tooth decay and finally tooth loss. In early stage periodontitis, small spaces between teeth and gums form pockets and collect debris which can become infected. The toxins breakdown the tissues and bones and make the teeth more sensitive. It is estimated that of all people with periodontal disease, about one-third acquire dental cavities in the advanced stage and this leads to tooth loss.
Dental caries is one of the reasons for tooth loss in adults. Dental caries is also referred to as tooth decay or cavities. Cavities are caused by specific types of bacteria as they produce acids that destroy or de-mineralize the tooth's enamel and the layer under it (dentin). This forms tiny holes, cracks, pits or grooves in the teeth. The damage can be recovered with filling, crowns, root canal, extraction, etc.
Dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. They are metal posts or frames which are placed into the jawbone beneath your gums with the help of surgery as a replacement for the root of a tooth. Implants are a safe, well-established, long-term and effective treatment for people with missing teeth, failing teeth or chronic dental problems. Dental implants are made of titanium as it is lightweight, strong and is easily accepted by the body. Titanium alloys are also widely used for bone implants, such as during orthopedic joint replacements.
Abrasion is the progressive loss of hard tooth substances caused by mechanical actions other than tooth-to tooth contacts. It is commonly associated with incorrect toothbrushing and can cause notches to develop at the junction of the crown and root of teeth. This can lead to tooth damage and loss.
Maryland dental bridges involve two natural abutment teeth, one on each side of the gap. While a traditional bridge uses dental crowns on the abutment teeth, a Maryland bridge uses either metal or porcelain that is bonded onto the backs of the abutment teeth.