Proctocolectomy is the surgical removal of the rectum and all or part of the colon. In a brooke ileostomy surgery, the end of ileum is pulled through the abdominal wall and is turned back and sutured to the skin. This leaves the rounded, inside-out ileum as the stoma.
In a colonoscopy, the examiner uses a colonoscope, which is a long, flexible, tubular instrument about 1/2 inch in diameter, to evaluate the inside of colon. The device transmits image of the lining of the colon that allows the examiner to look for any abnormalities. The colonoscope is inserted through the rectum and moved to the other end of the large intestine.
The photograph shows inflammation of the large intestine. The two most common diseases of Gi tract are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease can cause inflammation in any part of the digestive tract, though, it mostly affects the tail end of small intestine. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of the large intestine.
Your doctor may recommend a colonoscopy if you are experiencing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-type symptoms as part of the diagnosis process and also for an ongoing monitoring of the condition. Colonoscopy is a procedure that allows an examiner to evaluate the inside of the colon using a colonoscope.