Welcome to disease section for bronchitis
Bronchitis is a respiratory illness that can be caused by viral or bacterial infections, and it is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes. It is often associated with other respiratory illnesses such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. People with bronchitis are at risk of developing these other respiratory illnesses and vice versa.
Treatment options for bronchitis include over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms, antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, and bronchodilators to open up the airways. In some cases, inhaled corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation. Rest and fluids can also help to alleviate symptoms, and avoiding irritants such as cigarette smoke can help prevent exacerbation of the condition.
Symptoms of bronchitis include cough, chest discomfort, shortness of breath, and production of mucus. Diagnosis is typically made through physical examination, chest X-ray, and pulmonary function tests. A culture of the mucus may also be taken to determine if the cause is viral or bacterial.
Acute bronchitis is caused by viral or bacterial infections and exposure to irritants such as pollution or smoking, which can lead to inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes. Risk factors include smoking, exposure to pollution, and a weakened immune system.