Hemorrhoids involve swelling of blood vessels present in the walls of smooth muscles of anus and rectum. They are commonly known as piles. The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids include painless bleeding, anal itching, pain and swelling or feeling of a lump at the anus.
Many people experience mild to severe pain due to hemorrhoids which makes the condition highly uncomfortable.
Hemorrhoid pain is usually mild in most cases and can be easily controlled with simple home remedies such as dietary changes, sitz bath and over-the-counter medications. If the pain is unbearable, a treatment of the condition may be needed. The treatment depends on the type of hemorrhoid a person may have. For example, a thrombosed external hemorrhoid contains a blood clot which requires removal to treat the condition. Surgery is needed for treating internal and external hemorrhoids.
Patients suffering from constipation require high-fiber diet, adequate hydration and stool softeners to deal with hemorrhoid pain. Patients undergoing frequent bowel movements require anti-diarrheal medications and dietary modifications to soothe from piles pain.
Hemorrhoid pain and itching can be easily reduced by simple home remedies. These steps will help reduce constipation and decrease the severity of hemorrhoid symptoms. Some common methods one can consider at home are:
Warm sitz baths involves sitting in few inches of luke warm water for about 15-20 minutes. This should be repeated three times in a day and every time after a bowel movement. It helps in decreasing inflammation in hemorrhoids and also reduces itching, irritation and spasms of sphincter muscles. Addition of Epsom salt in water will provide further relief from piles pain.
After a warm bath, you should always pat dry the anal area gently to reduce irritation in the skin surrounding the anus region.
Always use unscented soap to clean the anal region and never scrub the area.
Fiber consumption should be increased as it helps in reducing the chances of developing constipation and also reduces pressure on the rectum and anus region during a bowel movement. Fibers soften the stool and allow its effortless discharge. Dietary changes will help reduce swelling, discomfort and bleeding. Read about bleeding hemorrhoids.
With consumption of dietary fiber supplements like psyllium, stool can be bulked up in the body. Fiber supplements are available as powders, capsules and liquid, that may be consumed once or upto thrice in a day.
Foods rich in fiber are beans, cereals, fresh fruits and vegetables. Do not add too high fiber content in your diet as it may cause gas and bloating in the stomach. You should consume about 25-30 grams of fiber every day.
You should stay well-hydrated, as it makes the stool softer and allows it to easy pass through the body easily. Drink plenty of water throughout the day and you can also consume a natural laxative such as prune juice.
Stool softeners are extremely helpful for soothing hemorrhoid pain as they increase the water and fat content in the stool and allow them to pass easily. The most commonly recommended stool softener is docusate sodium.
Exercise such as brisk walking for about 20-30 minutes daily will benefit by relieving constipation and decreasing pressure on hemorrhoidal veins.
Rub on relief involves use of over-the-counter wipes or creams containing witch hazel. Wipe and creams help in soothing hemorrhoid pain and itching, and does not have any side effects. Creams or wipes containing hydrocortisone should only be used if recommended by a doctor, as it can damage the skin.
A small pack of ice can be placed on the area causing pain for several times in a day, about 15 minutes each. Ice packs help in reducing pain and swelling and hence provide relief for a short duration of time. Ice packs or cold compresses are immensely beneficial for large, painful hemorrhoids. You should wrap ice in a cloth or towel and then apply on the affected area. Never apply frozen substance on the skin directly.
Witch hazel is a liquid solution and is a natural anti-inflammatory substance. It provides relief from itching and pain, which are the major symptoms of hemorrhoids. The liquid can be directly applied on the hemorrhoid, which results in the reduction of swelling around the anus region. It is also available as anti-itch wipes and soaps in the market.
According to Cleveland clinic, aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties and is extremely beneficial in treating inflammatory skin diseases. Pure aloe Vera gel should only be applied on hemorrhoids. You should consult a doctor before using aloe Vera gel, as some people are allergic to it.
Home remedies are best for treating hemorrhoid pain but if they do not help in soothing pain, then you should consult a doctor. The doctor may recommend any of the following to help relieve hemorrhoid pain and treating grade 1 hemorrhoids.
Over-the counter medications include certain creams, ointments and suppositories which help in relieving from hemorrhoid symptoms such as pain. These medicines usually contain small amounts of local anesthetics. They do not cure hemorrhoids but help in reducing the inflammation and swelling in the anus region.
Some commonly available medications for this purpose include Preparation H (phenylephrine hemorrhoidal gel), anusol and witch hazel.
Diabetes patients should only use recommended over-the-counter medications for piles pain. If the medication contains a vasoconstrictor such as phenyleprine HCL, ephedrine or epinephrine, it may elevate the blood glucose levels, which may be risky.
In certain cases, doctors may recommend lidocaine and hydrocortisone for piles pain relief. Don’t use hydrocortisone containing medication for more than a week at a time.
Certain over-the-counter medications are also recommended by doctors such as acetaminophen, aspirin and ibuprofen which decrease hemorrhoid pain.
Blood clots in external hemorrhoids are extremely painful. You can deal with hemorrhoid pain using some home remedies, which may reduce the clot on its own or through surgical removal if the pain is intolerable.
Most of the prolapsed internal hemorrhoids can be pushed back into the anus, but the doctor may prefer to reduce them by gently pushing them back with constant pressure. If internal hemorrhoids remain swollen and trapped outside the anus, then they do not receive sufficient blood and may get infected. In such a situation, they can be only removed through a surgery.
Thrombosed external hemorrhoids are extremely painful and consist of a hard lump near the anus, which cannot be pushed back inside. To provide relief from thrombosed external hemorrhoid pain, doctors may recommend rubber or air rubber donut.
Mostly, the clot present inside the hemorrhoid needs to be removed through a small incision using a scalpel. The removal of clot provides instant relief from the sharp hemorrhoid pain, but a dull pain may still continue in some cases.
After the removal, hemorrhoids may bleed for a few days. Your doctor may recommend sitz baths and some over-the-counter medication to provide comfort from the symptoms of bleeding hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids do not exhibit any symptoms generally and are known as painless hemorrhoids. They produce symptoms only when bleeding starts. Bleeding or prolapsed internal hemorrhoids are easily diagnosed and home remedies are recommended to control the symptoms. If they involve severe bleeding or if the prolapsed condition does not improve, a surgeon may consider aggressive treatment methods to treat them.
External hemorrhoid occurs due to the presence of excessive skin tags which makes it difficult to clean the anus area after passing stool. Such hemorrhoids are removed through surgery.
You can carry out certain measures which may prevent onset of piles pain and occurrence of other hemorrhoid symptoms. These measures are as follows:
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