During pregnancy, your uterus grows and you have an increased level of hormone called progesterone in your body. Coupled with constipation, this makes you more susceptible to developing hemorrhoids during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, the growing uterus exerts pressure on the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava. Inferior vena cava is a large vein located right side of the body and gets blood from the lower limbs. This makes the return of blood from the lower half of your body slow, which in turn increases the pressure on the veins below the uterus and makes them dilate or swell.
If you develop constipation, which is another common problem during pregnancy, the condition may further worsen if you already have haemorrhoids. Constipation can also cause new haemorrhoids to develop because you tend to strain when having a hard bowel movement. Straining leads to hemorrhoids.
Increased level of progesterone during pregnancy relaxes the walls of your veins, allowing them to swell more easily. Progesterone is also responsible for slowing down your intestinal tract which contributes to constipation.
See also: How Long Do Hemorrhoids Last?
Hemorrhoids are most common in the third trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience it for the first time while they get pregnant. If you had haemorrhoid before getting pregnant, you are more likely to have them again now. Haemorrhoids can also develop while you're pushing during the second stage of labor.
It is very common for pregnant women to develop a thrombosed hemorrhoid, which is a blood clot that forms inside the hemorrhoid, leading to an especially large and swollen lump near anus. These kinds of hemorrhoids are quite painful and make it hard to walk, sit, or have a bowel movement.
In most cases, however, hemorrhoids that develop during pregnancy go away soon after you give birth, especially if you're careful and can prevent constipation.
Below are some ways which you can follow to prevent hemorrhoids when you're pregnant:
You can follow these remedies to treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy:
Postpartum haemorrhoids are complications experienced by many women. In such cases, hemorrhoids develop after childbirth. Haemorrhoids are the swollen veins in the rectal area. They appear as a lump having an unusual swelling together as a single mass. They cause extreme itching and can be very painful. They may also cause rectal bleeding when you experience bowel movements.
Generally, haemorrhoids developed during pregnancy go after delivery but sometimes they may persist for a longer time even after the baby is delivered. It is estimated that around quarter of women who have haemorrhoids during pregnancy have them postpartum too.
You can get haemorrhoids after pregnancy due to various reasons:
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