Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
The page provides quick access to a list of common sexually transmitted diseases, syndromes, health conditions, and other topics of health importance. The list is organized alphabetically. Links are provided to respective diseases sections that serve as a comprehensive and ultimate guide about the disease or health condition.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are those infections or other kinds of diseases which pass from one individual to another through sexual contact. It is commonly referred as venereal diseases (VD). Some STDs can also spread through the use of non-sterilized needles used for drug intake, transferred from mother to her child during childbirth or breast-feeding and blood transfusions.
STDs usually involve transmission of microorganisms which reside in the skin or mucous membranes of male and female genitals. These infectious organisms are transferred through semen, vaginal secretions or blood during sexual intercourse. In severe cases, certain sexually transmitted infections can result in serious life-long problems such as infertility and issues in newborns such as blindness, developmental disabilities, and bone deformities and in some cases death of the child.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reported incidence of more than 1 million new STD cases, each day globally. People belonging to age group of 15-24 years have indicated incidence of about half of the new STDs cases. STDs have affected females more than males.
Common STDs include chlamydia, chancroid, crabs, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis.