Dental caries also known as dental cavities is one of the most common dental problems. It is characterized by tooth decay due to the action of bacteria. The process involves a complex interaction of several factors including host (your teeth and saliva), plaque containing microorganisms (dental caries bacteria), and substrate (your food) over a period. . . .+
Tooth decay or dental cavities is a common oral health disorder. It generally occurs in children and young adults, but it can affect anyone. Tooth decay is a common cause of tooth loss in children and younger people. Dental cavities form due to the action of bacteria that are present in your mouth.
If you have dental cavities, you may have a toothache or a dull pain in your mouth. Your teeth become sensitive, and visible holes appear in your teeth. Sometimes dentists miss the early signs. It is important to do a regular visit to a dentist so that your dentist can point out any abnormalities early on.
The cause of tooth decay is acid formed from bacteria when they dissolve the enamel of your teeth. The acid is produced from food particles that remain in the teeth. If the breakdown is greater than build up, cavities do form. Caries is also associated with poor cleaning of the mouth.
Your dentist will detect dental cavities by asking you certain questions such as whether you experience any pain or sensitivity with eating certain types of foods. He will examine your mouth and teeth and probe the teeth with dental instruments. Certain imaging techniques such as dental X-rays are helpful.
Treatment of tooth decay (dental cavities) depends on how bad your cavity is. Most often, the dentist extracts and removes the decayed portion of your tooth. He fills in the hole with a filling made of a composite resin or other material. Allergies to fillings are rare.