Croup is an illness commonly seen in kids, which affects the respiratory organs of young children. It is medically known as laryngotracheobronchitis. It is the most common condition in children which generally affects trachea, larynx or bronchi. Croup is a viral disease which is characterized by difficulty in breathing accompanied by cough.
Croup is contagious as long it is caused by a virus. Like any contagious germ, viruses that cause croup can spread easily through coughing, sneezing, and respiratory secretions (mucus and droplets from coughing or sneezing). If your child has croup, it should be considered contagious for three days.
In the beginning, a child may have cold symptoms such as a stuffy or runny nose and fever. But, having fever is not necessary in Croup. Some kids don’t have any fever at all in croup. Non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be provided to the child to reduce the fever.
Albuterol contains salbutamol as an active ingredient which belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators. It used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). More specifically, it is used to treat shortness of breath and wheezing caused by breathing problems as in case of asthma.
A child with croup will have a cough that sounds like a barking dog or a barking seal, a high-pitched noise of a seal or a dog. The voice will also sound raspy and hoarse especially when the child cries. The symptoms of croup, generally, get aggravated at night.
Avoid dairy such as milk products by substituting these by water and juices instead. Dehydration is normally accompanied by the croup; clear liquids can help in preventing dehydration and also loosen the congestion caused by the mucus in airways. Learn about how you can treat it at home.