Dental caries also known as dental cavities is one of the most common dental problems. It is characterized by tooth decay due to the action of bacteria. The process involves a complex interaction of several factors including host (your teeth and saliva), plaque containing microorganisms (dental caries bacteria), and substrate (your food) over a period. . . .+
Tooth decay or dental cavities is a common oral health disorder. It generally occurs in children and young adults, but it can affect anyone. Tooth decay is a common cause of tooth loss in children and younger people. Dental cavities form due to the action of bacteria that are present in your mouth.
If you have dental cavities, you may have a toothache or a dull pain in your mouth. Your teeth become sensitive, and visible holes appear in your teeth. Sometimes dentists miss the early signs. It is important to do a regular visit to a dentist so that your dentist can point out any abnormalities early on.
The cause of tooth decay is acid formed from bacteria when they dissolve the enamel of your teeth. The acid is produced from food particles that remain in the teeth. If the breakdown is greater than build up, cavities do form. Caries is also associated with poor cleaning of the mouth.
Your dentist will detect dental cavities by asking you certain questions such as whether you experience any pain or sensitivity with eating certain types of foods. He will examine your mouth and teeth and probe the teeth with dental instruments. Certain imaging techniques such as dental X-rays are helpful.
Treatment of tooth decay (dental cavities) depends on how bad your cavity is. Most often, the dentist extracts and removes the decayed portion of your tooth. He fills in the hole with a filling made of a composite resin or other material. Allergies to fillings are rare.
A good oral hygiene can help you avoid cavities and tooth decay. You should use toothpaste that contains fluoride. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and ideally after every meal. Use a mouth rinse with fluoride if you are at a high risk and visit your dentist regularly.
Emergency dentist performs treatment and examination of an urgent dental problem on priority basis. These dental problems may create difficulty while eating food, talking, and in some cases during movement of the head.
Scientists have found another harmful bacterium called Streptococcus sobrinus, which accelerates tooth decay in some people, but very little information is known about this microbe. A team of Illinois Bioengineering researchers has successfully sequenced the complete genomes of three different strains of S. sobrinus, to study further about these bacteria.
Tooth decay in kids is a common problem worldwide. It occurs in children when bacteria within their mouth begin to destroy their teeth. Tooth decay is also known as rotten teeth, cavity or dental caries. Improper dental care and not brushing your child's teeth regularly (at least two times a day) can cause tooth decay.
Dental X-rays are an important part of diagnosis of problems associated with teeth and gums. They are commonly used to diagnose dental cavities and other dental problems. When searching for dental cavities, your doctor or dentist will look for signs that indicate a change in the layers of tooth on a radiograph (x-ray).