Down's syndrome affects about one in every 800 babies. It is associated with physical growth delays and intellectual disability and can result in severe complications such as heart defect, digestive problems, thyroid problems, etc. The appearance of Down syndrome symptoms helps in the diagnosis of Down’s syndrome.
Early screening can help in the treatment of an affected child’s medical issues and improve his development. Prenatal tests are recommended for parents to identify any genetic defect in the fetus. Amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS), blood tests and ultrasounds, MRIs are recommended in suspected cases.
There are two copies of chromosomes in the cells of our body. Any alteration in the number of copies of chromosomes results in an abnormality. In Down syndrome, chromosome 21 has three copies instead of normally occuring two copies. It is also known as Trisomy 21.
Down syndrome is associated with physical disabilities including eye problems ranging from mild to severe issues. It has been reported that almost half of patients with Down syndrome have mild to severe eye diseases.
Down syndrome abortion has become a common practice in many countries especially in the UK, Denmark, and Iceland. Latest statistics revealed that Down syndrome abortion rate is 100% in Iceland, 98% in Denmark, and almost 90% in the United Kingdom, which is quite alarming.