Esophageal cancer is a disease of esophagus where the cells lining the esophagus mutate or change and become cancerous. Uncontrolled growths of these cells form a mass or tumour in the esophagus, which may spread to other parts of your body. Oesophageal cancer is ranked as sixth most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide.
Stage 4 esophageal cancer may be any size and has grown beyond the esophagus. The disease may have spread to lymph nodes or distant organs including the liver or abdominal cavity. Usually, stage 4 esophageal cancers are very hard to treat completely.
Vomiting of the blood can be a scary experience for most people. Vomiting of the blood could be a minor problem in some cases, but in many cases it can be a sign of a serious problem such as esophageal cancer.
Chemotherapy is a widely used treatment for cancer. The term ‘chemotherapy’ refers to the drugs that prevent cancer cells from dividing and growing. It works by killing the cells that divide in an uncontrolled way.
Cancer treatments can cause several changes to your body. There are some side effects of each type of cancer treatment, which different people experience differently. As you prepare yourself for cancer treatment, you may benefit from these coping strategies.
Achalasia involves retention of food which can cause certain bacterial infections that result in chronic esophagitis which makes the epithelium more sensitive to carcinogens. This increases the chances of developing esophageal cancer. Read more in this article to understand the link between achalasia and cancer of the esophagus.
Esophageal cancer survival rate and life expectancy depends on the stage of the tumor when it is diagnosed. This means life expectancy depends on how intensified the tumor is and how beyond the cancer has metastasized from its original location.