Lupus is a chronic auto-immune disease in which your body's immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks your own body’s normal and healthy tissues. This causes a little inconvenience in some people. But in some people, it can cause severe problems such as inflammation, damage to joints, skin issues, kidneys and blood involvement.
Many people who suffer with lupus fall ill and suffer with mild but prolonged fever. They generally complain about skin rashes, fatigue, hair loss, and sore mouths. In some people, kidney may be affected. Kidney involvement may be life threatening. In some cases, there may be certain blood-related problems.
Lupus occurs when your immune system attacks your healthy tissues. Researchers believe that it is caused due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. However, in most cases, the exact cause is not known. Potential triggers may be certain drugs, infections, and sunlight.
Inflammation is a common problem in lupus. It can affect several areas of your body such as your kidney, brain, nervous system, blood vessels, heart, and lungs. Having lupus can increase your chances of developing infections, cancers, and bone problems. Women with lupus are at higher risk of miscarriage and early birth.
Currently, there's no cure for lupus, but treatments can help you ease the symptoms to improve the quality of life. Treatment involves medication as well as lifestyle changes. Exposure to sunlight can worsen your symptom. It is important to avoid being in the sun or apply sunscreen when you are in sun.
Diagnosis of the disease lupus is difficult because its signs and symptoms vary a lot from person to person. These signs may vary over time and overlap with many other conditions. There is no one test that can confirm lupus. A combination of tests including blood and urine tests, imaging tests leads to the diagnosis.