Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that influences how a person thinks, feels, and acts. Patients generally feel as if they have lost connect with the reality. It usually develops in late adolescence or early adulthood but can occur anytime in life. It is not a rare disease as some people may think so. Almost 1 in every 100 persons in the United States. . . .+
Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which a person loses touch with the reality. It is characterized with a variety of issues involving delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and inability to differentiate between reality and imaginations. Sometimes, the behavior of the person can be very strange and even shocking.
Research in the past two decades has indicated that schizophrenia is caused by a combination of factors such as such as genetics, biological predisposition, pregnancy-related factors, prenatal factors, stresses, and environmental factors during a person's life etc. Children's and teen's brains are very sensitive to stresses and can be easily damaged by ongoing stress.
Brain stimulation therapies are found to be helpful in treating several mental problems. Sometimes, doctors use them to treat certain symptoms of schizophrenia. In schizophrenia, ECT is generally very effective for a syndrome called catatonia. Stimulation therapies involve activating or inhibiting brain activity.
Someone who has schizophrenia may show various types of symptoms including positive and negative signs. Hallucination is the most common symptom. Other signs are delusions, confused thinking, and changes in behavior of the person. A diagnosis of schizophrenia requires that at least one of the key symptoms persist for six months or longer.
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common of all types of schizophrenia. It is defined as a long term mental disorder in which a person is deprived of reality. It is a chronic condition that requires a lifelong treatment. The illness usually starts in late adolescence or young adulthood.
It is not known what exactly causes schizophrenia. However, it is agreed upon that it is a brain disease. There are evidences to show that a combination of genetics and your environment trigger the disease. Some people are at more risk. It is not known why some people develop it and others do not.
Currently, no physical or laboratory test is available to diagnose schizophrenia. In order to perform diagnosis, a psychiatrist generally evaluates your symptoms for the last several months (about 4-6 months) to first rule out other conditions that may show similar signs and symptoms. He or she may want you undergo through blood and imaging tests.
Medications is the first line treatment for schizophrenia. Most commonly proscribed medicines are anti-psychotics. Your doctor may prescribe anti-depressants and anti-anxiety drugs also, in certain cases. Other options are social therapies, cognitive behavior therapies, and electric therapies. The treatment and care team may include a social worker, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, and a nurse.
The brain is a wonderful three-pound organ that controls all the functions of human body and interprets information from around the world. It is one of the most complex organs in our body. It is made up of more than 100 billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses.