welcome to disease section for urinary incontinence 

Female urinary system
Female urinary system

The only difference between a male and a female urinary system is the length of the urethra due to which women are more prone to urine infections. Bladder problems in women are common because of pregnancy and childbirth, trauma or injury, such as sexual assault, menopause, etc which weakens the bladder muscles. Urinary incontinency is a more common problem in women than in men and the structure of the female urinary tract is one reason for it.

Male urinary system
Male urinary system

The main organs which build the urinary system in men are kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and prostate. Kidneys make urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood and urine is then brought down to be stored in the bladder before excretion. Urinary incontinence occurs either because the signal to the brain gets scrambled, or there is some problem or obstruction somewhere in the urinary tract. Men suffer from incontinence due to several causes such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) or benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), prostate cancer, phimosis, etc.

Comparative anatomical illustration of the bladder with problems of urine and normal retention
Comparative anatomical illustration of the bladder with problems of

Urinary bladder is a pear shaped muscular sac in the pelvis, that rests just above and posterior to the pubic bone. Urine, made in the kidneys, passes down to ureters to the bladder which holds it. Several disorders associated with bladder include cystitis, urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, bladder cancer, etc. Urinary retention is a condition in which the bladder doesn’t empty completely even after being full. Normal bladder is reservoir that holds 1.5 to 2 cups of urine. This occurs due to any obstruction (bladder or kidney stones). Poor stream and difficulty in passing urine leads to urine incontinency or involuntary loss of urine.

Urinary catheterization
Urinary catheterization

An illustration showing enlarged view of urinary catheterization in a patient. In urinary catheterization a latex, polyurethane, or a silicone tube called a urinary catheter is inserted into a patient's bladder through the urethra. Catheterization allows the patient's urine to drain from the bladder for collection.

Neural control of urination
Neural control of urination

Urination is a complex process controlled by muscles of the bladder and urinary sphincter mechanism and by modulatory centers in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

Nervous control of urinary bladder
Nervous control of urinary bladder

The illustration shows the nervous control of the urinary bladder through the hypogastric, pelvic and pudendal nerves in a human body.

Foley catheter
Foley catheter

A Foley catheter is used with many disorders, procedures, or problems such as enlarged prostate, retention of urine, prostate cancer, trauma etc. It is a thin, sterile tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine. 

Urinary Incontinence in Men
Urinary Incontinence in Men

Sphincters in our body keep the urethra closed preventing leakage of urine when the bladder is not full or when you do not want to urinate. Internal sphincters are located at the neck of the bladder and the external sphincters are located below the prostate gland. Urinary incontinence is the leakage of urine when you do not intend to urinate. This condition is more common in women than men, but men can also have it.