The only difference between a male and a female urinary system is the length of the urethra due to which women are more prone to urine infections. Bladder problems in women are common because of pregnancy and childbirth, trauma or injury, such as sexual assault, menopause, etc which weakens the bladder muscles. Urinary incontinency is a more common problem in women than in men and the structure of the female urinary tract is one reason for it.
The main organs which build the urinary system in men are kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and prostate. Kidneys make urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood and urine is then brought down to be stored in the bladder before excretion. Urinary incontinence occurs either because the signal to the brain gets scrambled, or there is some problem or obstruction somewhere in the urinary tract. Men suffer from incontinence due to several causes such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) or benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), prostate cancer, phimosis, etc.
Urinary bladder is a pear shaped muscular sac in the pelvis, that rests just above and posterior to the pubic bone. Urine, made in the kidneys, passes down to ureters to the bladder which holds it. Several disorders associated with bladder include cystitis, urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, bladder cancer, etc. Urinary retention is a condition in which the bladder doesn’t empty completely even after being full. Normal bladder is reservoir that holds 1.5 to 2 cups of urine. This occurs due to any obstruction (bladder or kidney stones). Poor stream and difficulty in passing urine leads to urine incontinency or involuntary loss of urine.
An illustration showing enlarged view of urinary catheterization in a patient. In urinary catheterization a latex, polyurethane, or a silicone tube called a urinary catheter is inserted into a patient's bladder through the urethra. Catheterization allows the patient's urine to drain from the bladder for collection.
Sphincters in our body keep the urethra closed preventing leakage of urine when the bladder is not full or when you do not want to urinate. Internal sphincters are located at the neck of the bladder and the external sphincters are located below the prostate gland. Urinary incontinence is the leakage of urine when you do not intend to urinate. This condition is more common in women than men, but men can also have it.