Glossary for Endometrial Cancer

Mohd Sufyan   by Mohd Sufyan, BSME, MBA    Last updated on October 4, 2019,

endometrial cancer glossary


Terms and terminologies often used in endometrial cancer

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Bleeding from the uterus that differs in regularity, duration, or amount from normal uterine bleeding.


It is a cancer treatment procedure using certain drugs.

Dilation and Curettage (D&C)

A procedure in which the cervix is opened and tissue is gently scraped (curettage) from the inside of the uterus for examination purposes.

Endometrial Biopsy

It is a medical procedure in which a small amount of the tissue lining from the uterus is removed and investigated under a microscope.

Endometrial Cancer

Cancer of the lining of the uterus is called endometrial cancer. This lining is called endometrium.


The lining of the uterus.


It is a female hormone that is produced in the ovaries.

Fallopian Tubes

Tubes through which an egg travels from the ovary to the uterus.


A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA and act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. Genes can be passed down from parent to offspring.


These are substances produced in the body to control the function of cells or organs.


Removal of the uterus through surgery.


A device to look inside the uterus and to do certain procedures.

In Vitro Fertilization

An assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF.

Lymph Nodes

Lymph nodes are small structures that function as filters for harmful substances.

Lynch Syndrome

It is a genetic disease that increases a person’s risk of endometrial cancer and various other cancers.


The time in a woman’s life when menstruation stops.


Spreading of the cancer to other parts of the body beyond the original site.


A permanent change in a gene that can be passed from parent to child and cause inherited disorders.


These are paired organs in the female reproductive system that contain the eggs that are released at ovulation.


The period before menopause that usually ranges from age 45 years to 55 years.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition in which cysts develop on the ovaries. It is characterized by irregular menstrual periods and changes in the levels of certain hormones.


It is a female hormone that is produced in the ovaries of women, and prepares the lining of the uterus for pregnancy.


It is a synthetic form of progesterone hormone that is similar to the hormone produced naturally in the body.

Radiation Therapy

Treatment of cancer with high-energy radiations.

Stage of cancer

Stage of a cancer refers to the size of a tumor and the extent to which it has spread.

Transvaginal Ultrasound

A type of ultrasound in which a device is inserted in the vagina for examination of the uterus and other pelvic organs.


A lump of cells.


A muscular organ in women located in the pelvis. It contains the developing fetus during pregnancy.

Mohd Sufyan

Mohd is driven through passion for innovation in healthcare and medical research. He holds a Bachelor in Mechanical Engineering and has spent about one and a half decade in medical research particularly on medical and surgical implants. He is associated with Inventit Inc, a Boston-based technology intelligence company as Director of Innovation and Research Division. Mohd is the primary inventor on three patents in the domain of medical implants for the treatment of urinary incontinence. He is associated with DiseaseFix as a content and research guide.





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