Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in India and the world. Globally speaking, it is the second most common cancer after skin cancer and other related cancers such as Mouth cancer, larynx, esophageal, etc.
Lung cancer is, in fact, the most common cancer amongst men, just like breast cancer in women. Lung Cancer is usually caused by the carcinogens found in tobacco but it can also be caused due to the accumulation of toxic materials such as asbestos and other harmful chemicals in the environment.
These hospitals for cancer treatment in Chennai are known to be one of the best cancer facilities in India as they have all the latest equipment and are extremely well staffed with top rated Oncologists and Cancer treatment specializing staff who are well versed with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in men and women.
Lung Cancer Causes and Symptoms
Lung Cancer is caused by the carcinogens present in nicotine, the most abundant chemical in tobacco-based products such as cigarettes, gutka and other chewable products. These chemicals alter the cell structure and cause cancerous mutations in healthy cells, causing them to recreate exponentially and therefore causing cancerous formations such as tumors in the lungs and windpipe.
Besides tobacco, workers with professional health hazards, such as those exposed to harmful chemicals and heavy elements in chemical labs, factories, mines, construction sites, etc., can also be at risk of lung cancer.
The earlier the cancer is detected, the higher the chances of survival in patients. Late stages of lung cancer can cause acute breathlessness and spread to various body parts such as the heart, kidney, bladder, trachea etc.
The symptoms of lung cancer are very similar to those who have common troubles when they smoke or work in harmful workplaces, such as:
- Incessant coughing
- The coarseness of the voice
- Irritability in the throat
- Coughing up blood
- Loss of Appetite
- Weight Loss
- Extreme Fatigue
- Lack of basic immunity
These are all the signs and symptoms of lung cancer. Most of these signs are familiar to those who smoke or work in environments with chemical or heavy metal exposure. This is why most patients ignore these signs and symptoms; therefore, the diagnosis of cancer in these individuals is usually delayed.
When a patient or a friend or family member notices more than a few symptoms listed above, it is advisable to consult an oncologist at the cancer treatment hospital in Chennai for early diagnosis and treatment.
Treatments for Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer is treated in all specialized facilities in India, such as ApolloHospital for Cancer Treatment in Chennai, where the spread of cancer and the stage of cancer is first analyzed based on which Oncologist decide the course of treatment.
Suppose a sizable tumor needs to be removed from the lungs. In that case, it is usually done surgically post which the cancerous cells can be eliminated using radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
For patients where surgery is not an option due to the level of spread, chemotherapy and radiation therapy is the suitable method to eradicate the cancerous cells in the body. These treatment methods are often combined with medicines that help in the better effect of the chemicals and help the body cope with the treatment.