Signs and Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection

Saima Andrabi   by Saima Andrabi, MS, Clinical Biochemistry    Last updated on February 21, 2021,

signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection


If you're a woman, your chances of getting a urinary tract infection (UTI) are higher though people of any age and sex can develop UTI. The symptoms of a urinary tract infection can depend on various factors such as your age, gender, whether you had used some external devices like catheter, and based on the part of the urinary tract that has been infected by UTI. The symptoms of a UTI generally develop over several days and start with little burning sensation when you pee.

Common Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection

  • Pain and Burning: Pain or burning sensation when you pass urine is often the first sign of a bacteria or an infection in the urethra or bladder. However, it does not always mean that you will have a complicated urinary tract infection. If you get the pain or burning just once or twice and then other symptoms do not show up, it is likely that the bacteria has passed in urine and the UTI does not develop further.
  • Urine Urge: Strong and persistent urge of urine
  • Frequency of Urine: Passing urine frequently and in small amounts 
  • Smell in Urine: Strong smell in urine: a strong pungent smell is a common symptom of UTI 
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Abdominal pains: Older women particularly may experience cramping, pressure, or abdominal pains in UTI. In some cases, it may be the most pronounced symptom along with muscle aches and fatigue, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. 
  • Blood in urine
  • Pains in Pelvis: Pelvic pain in women particularly in the center of the pelvis and around the pubic bone
  • Cloudy or bloody or colored urine: Your urine color can tell a lot of things about the condition. Colored urine is a cause to worry.  Cloudy, red, or brown urine can be signs of infections. 

UTIs, particularly bladder infection, can cause back pain when they spread. The pain can be indicative of infection in the kidneys. This pain will be persistent regardless of your position or activity unlike typical muscle pains. A kidney infection will also cause fever, nausea, and vomiting. Kidney infections are more serious than bladder infections and require urgent medical attention. If you notice these symptoms, you should immediately contact your doctor.

UTIs are often overlooked or mistaken for other conditions in older adults as the symptoms may be similar to other conditions. People usually ignore these symptoms or attribute them to some other condition, but it is important to be careful about them and discuss them with your doctor. He can help you find the cause better. While a UTI can be very painful and can disturb your daily life, however, these infections are easy to treat.

Saima Andrabi

Saima Andrabi is a clinical biochemist and is passionate about driving knowledge platforms for creating health awareness in the general public. She pursued her master’s degree in clinical biochemistry from University of Kashmir, Srinagar followed by an internship from National Institute of pathology, New Delhi. Her areas of interest include molecular biology, immunology, medical physiology and forensic medicine. Saima is very much interested in writing medical content and wants to create awareness in public through this platform.


Currently, Saima Andrabi is working at Maxinov Solutions Private LTD as a research associate and is associated with DiseaseFix as a medical content writer.

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