Bad breath causes an unusual, unpleasant and unattractive odor.
Every bad breath is not halitosis. Every day morning breath and the bad breath that comes after eating anything spicy or food with a strong odor are not halitosis. These bad breaths occur for a short time only and can be managed through common cleaning and hygiene tips. These are not a matter of health concern. Read about halitosis in detail.
Halitosis is long lasting and it does not go by brushing, flossing or rinsing. It can occur from time to time and the symptoms and frequency may depend on the cause of halitosis.
People generally notice the person affected by halitosis when they smell the bad breath and react by maintaining a distance as the person speaks. But sometimes the person affected may not know that he has bad breath.
The odor-detecting cells in the nose get used to the smell and become unresponsive to the continuous stream of bad odor.
The main symptoms of bad breath are:
The odor of the smell is very unusual and unpleasant. This bad odor depends on the cause of the problem:
People with halitosis notice a bad taste in their mouth along with a bad smell. This bad taste does not disappear even after brushing the teeth or using a mouthwash. The taste is usually sour and bitter metallic.
The reduced flow of saliva can lower the cleansing mechanism of mouth which makes the mouth dry.
The tongue becomes white when the tiny projections on the tongue overgrow and swells. The white coating is because of food, bacteria, fungi and dead cells getting lodged between the projections. This occurs due to poor oral hygiene.
Other than the main symptoms as listed above, there are some more signs of halitosis which are seen rarely. These are given below:
If you have bad breath, try to improve your oral hygiene habits. Make certain lifestyle changes, such as brush your teeth and tongue after eating, do dental flossing, and drink plenty of water.
If your bad breath still does not improve after making these changes, you should meet your dentist. He or she will tell you if it is due to a more serious condition. If needed he or she will refer you to a physician to find the cause of the bad breath.
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